Well-being is assessed with a modified 18 item version of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well Being. The scale includes 3 items for each of 6 aspects of well-being: self-acceptance, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life, positive relations with others, and personal growth.
Participants are asked to rate how each item applies to themselves using a 7-point Likert rating scale (see below). Items that are positively worded are flipped so that higher ratings on all individual items indicate greater well-being. The total score is the mean of the ratings, with a higher score relating to greater well-being.
Participants are presented the following items:
|Item no.||Item||Flipped (f)|
|1||Maintaining close relationships has been difficult and frustrating for me.|
|2||People would describe me as a giving person, willing to share my time with others.||(f)|
|3||I have not experienced many warm and trusting relationships with others.|
|4||I like most parts of my personality.||(f)|
|5||When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased with how things have turned out so far.||(f)|
|6||In many ways I feel disappointed about my achievements in life.|
|7||I tend to be influenced by people with strong opinions.|
|8||I have confidence in my own opinions, even if they are different from those of others.||(f)|
|9||I judge myself by what I think is important, not by the values of others.||(f)|
|10||For me, life has been a continuous process of learning, changing, and growing.||(f)|
|11||I think it is important to have new experiences that challenge how I think about myself and the world.||(f)|
|12||I gave up trying to make big improvements or changes in my life a long time ago.|
|13||The demands of everyday life often get me down.|
|14||In general, I feel I am in charge of the situation in which I live.||(f)|
|15||I am good at managing the responsibilities of daily life.||(f)|
|16||Some people wander aimlessly through life, but I am not one of them.||(f)|
|17||I live life one day at a time and don't really think about the future.|
|18||I sometimes feel as if I've done all there is to do in life.|
Response choices for each item:
|Neither agree nor disagree||4||4|
A variable is a quantity that may be changed according to the mathematical problem. The generic letters which are used in many algebraic expressions and equations are x, y, z. In other words, a variable is a symbol for a number where the value is not known. For example, x + 5 = 10. Here “x” is a variable.What are the 3 types of variables? ›
An experiment usually has three kinds of variables: independent, dependent, and controlled.What are the 4 variable types? ›
You can see that one way to look at variables is to divide them into four different categories ( nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio). These refer to the levels of measure associated with the variables.What is an example of a measurement variable in research? ›
It can be anything represented by a number. For example: pH (measured with litmus paper), bone density (measured with a special kind of x-ray) or averages of anything (measured by a formula). These types of variables are sometimes formally called quantitative variables, especially in academia.What is an example of a variable? ›
Definition. A variable is any characteristic, number, or quantity that can be measured or counted. A variable may also be called a data item. Age, sex, business income and expenses, country of birth, capital expenditure, class grades, eye colour and vehicle type are examples of variables.What is a variable in a question? ›
Question: What's a variable? Answer: A variable is an object, event, idea, feeling, time period, or any other type of category you are trying to measure. There are two types of variables-independent and dependent.How do you identify variables? ›
An easy way to think of independent and dependent variables is, when you're conducting an experiment, the independent variable is what you change, and the dependent variable is what changes because of that. You can also think of the independent variable as the cause and the dependent variable as the effect.What are the types of variable answer? ›
Variables may be classified into two main categories: categorical and numeric. Each category is then classified in two subcategories: nominal or ordinal for categorical variables, discrete or continuous for numeric variables.What is a variable in math? ›
Variables in math are symbols, often letters, that represent different values in various situations. They help us understand and solve problems with changing values.What are the 5 different variables? ›
There are different types of variables and having their influence differently in a study viz. Independent & dependent variables, Active and attribute variables, Continuous, discrete and categorical variable, Extraneous variables and Demographic variables.
Experiments require two main types of variables, namely the independent variable and the dependent variable. The independent variable is the variable that is manipulated and is assumed to have a direct effect on the dependent variable, the variable being measured and tested. Experiments even have controlled variables.What are different types of variables? ›
- Independent variables.
- Dependent variables.
- Quantitative variables.
- Qualitative variables.
- Intervening variables.
- Moderating variables.
- Extraneous variables.
- Confounding variables.
The measurable variable, as the name suggests, is the variable that is measured in an experiment. It is the dependent variable (DV), which depends on changes to the independent variable (IV). Any experiment studies the effects on the DV resulting from changes to the IV.How do you explain variables in research? ›
Variables are names that are given to the variance we wish to explain. A variable is either a result of some force or is itself the force that causes a change in another variable. In experiments, these are called dependent and independent variables respectively.What does a variable look like? ›
A variable is a placeholder for an unknown quantity. Usually, variables are denoted by English or Greek letters or symbols such as x or θ. Examples: In the equation 10=2x, x is the variable.How do you create a variable? ›
- The type tells Processing what kind of value the variable will hold.
- The name is how you'll use the variable later in the code, like you've used width and height .
- The value is what the variable points to.
The two main variables within a study are the independent variable, which is the variable that is manipulated by the experimenter, and the dependent variable, which is the variable that indirectly changes due to the manipulation in the independent variable.How do you write a research question with variables? ›
- Choose your starting phrase.
- Identify and name the dependent variable.
- Identify the group(s) you are interested in.
- Decide whether the dependent variable or group(s) should be included first, last or in two parts.
- Include any words that provide greater context to your question.
In simple words, a variable is a quantity that can be changed and is not fixed. Variables are essential as they form a major algebra component. We usually use “x” and “y” to express an unknown integer.How do you identify a variable in a topic? ›
The best way to identify dependent and independent variables in research is by putting the variables in the sentence “The Independent variable causes a change in Dependent variable.”
A key variable is typically an indirect identifier that could be used to re-identify individuals within a dataset or to link records between different datasets. Common examples of key variables are age, marital status, geographical variables, gender, and religion.What are the 8 variable types? ›
The 8 Primitive Variable Types
byte , short , int , long , float , double , char , boolean .
In mathematics, a variable (from Latin variabilis, "changeable") is a symbol that represents a mathematical object. A variable may represent a number, a vector, a matrix, a function, the argument of a function, a set, or an element of a set.What is not a variable? ›
Constant :he value which is fixed is known as constant .What is variable value? ›
The value of the variable, which is the value the variable name represents, might be categorized as follows: A constant, which is a number that is expressed as: An integer (12) A decimal (12.5)What is a $variable? ›
What is a variable? In programming, a variable is a value that can change, depending on conditions or on information passed to the program.What is an a variable in math? ›
A variable in Mathematics is defined as the alphabetic character that expresses a numerical value or a number. In algebraic equations, a variable is used to represent an unknown quantity. These variables can be any alphabets from a to z. Most commonly, 'a','b','c', 'x','y' and 'z' are used as variables in equations.What is a variable simple explanation? ›
In simple words, a variable is a quantity that can be changed and is not fixed. Variables are essential as they form a major algebra component. We usually use “x” and “y” to express an unknown integer.What is the variable in math? ›
variable, In algebra, a symbol (usually a letter) standing in for an unknown numerical value in an equation. Commonly used variables include x and y (real-number unknowns), z (complex-number unknowns), t (time), r (radius), and s (arc length).What does a variable look like in math? ›
It is usually a letter like x or y. Example: in x + 2 = 6, x is the variable.
A variable is a letter that represents an unknown number. An expression is a group of numbers, symbols, and variables that represents another number.How to use variables? ›
A variable is a way to store values. To use a variable, we must both declare it—to let the program know about the variable—and then assign it—to let the program know what value we are storing in the variable.What is the best way to explain a variable? ›
A variable is something that varies, changes, or can be changed. For example, people's names are something that varies. The weather changes every day. The scoreboard in a football match can be changed to reflect the score.What are the different types of variables in math? ›
There are two types of variables in math: dependent and independent variables.What are 10 examples of variables in math? ›
Some examples of variables in Math are a,b,x,y,z,m, a , b , x , y , z , m , etc. A symbol that has a fixed numerical value is called a constant.What is the variable of a number? ›
A letter or symbol that represents any member of a collection of two or more numbers is called a variable. A letter or symbol that represents one specific number, known or unknown, is called a constant.