**Well-being** is assessed with a modified 18 item version of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well Being. The scale includes 3 items for each of 6 aspects of well-being: self-acceptance, autonomy, environmental mastery, purpose in life, positive relations with others, and personal growth.

Participants are asked to rate how each item applies to themselves using a 7-point Likert rating scale (see below). Items that are positively worded are flipped so that higher ratings on all individual items indicate greater well-being. The total score is the mean of the ratings, with a higher score relating to greater well-being.

Participants are presented the following items:

Item no. | Item | Flipped (f) |
---|---|---|

1 | Maintaining close relationships has been difficult and frustrating for me. | |

2 | People would describe me as a giving person, willing to share my time with others. | (f) |

3 | I have not experienced many warm and trusting relationships with others. | |

4 | I like most parts of my personality. | (f) |

5 | When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased with how things have turned out so far. | (f) |

6 | In many ways I feel disappointed about my achievements in life. | |

7 | I tend to be influenced by people with strong opinions. | |

8 | I have confidence in my own opinions, even if they are different from those of others. | (f) |

9 | I judge myself by what I think is important, not by the values of others. | (f) |

10 | For me, life has been a continuous process of learning, changing, and growing. | (f) |

11 | I think it is important to have new experiences that challenge how I think about myself and the world. | (f) |

12 | I gave up trying to make big improvements or changes in my life a long time ago. | |

13 | The demands of everyday life often get me down. | |

14 | In general, I feel I am in charge of the situation in which I live. | (f) |

15 | I am good at managing the responsibilities of daily life. | (f) |

16 | Some people wander aimlessly through life, but I am not one of them. | (f) |

17 | I live life one day at a time and don't really think about the future. | |

18 | I sometimes feel as if I've done all there is to do in life. |

Response choices for each item:

Response | Value | Flipped value |
---|---|---|

Strongly agree | 1 | 7 |

Agree | 2 | 6 |

Slightly agree | 3 | 5 |

Neither agree nor disagree | 4 | 4 |

Slightly disagree | 5 | 3 |

Disagree | 6 | 2 |

Strongly disagree | 7 | 1 |

## FAQs

### What is a variable answers? ›

A variable is **a quantity that may be changed according to the mathematical problem**. The generic letters which are used in many algebraic expressions and equations are x, y, z. In other words, a variable is a symbol for a number where the value is not known. For example, x + 5 = 10. Here “x” is a variable.

**What are the 3 types of variables? ›**

An experiment usually has three kinds of variables: **independent, dependent, and controlled**.

**What are the 4 variable types? ›**

You can see that one way to look at variables is to divide them into four different categories ( **nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio**). These refer to the levels of measure associated with the variables.

**What is an example of a measurement variable in research? ›**

It can be anything represented by a number. For example: **pH (measured with litmus paper), bone density (measured with a special kind of x-ray) or averages of anything (measured by a formula)**. These types of variables are sometimes formally called quantitative variables, especially in academia.

**What is an example of a variable? ›**

Definition. A variable is any characteristic, number, or quantity that can be measured or counted. A variable may also be called a data item. **Age, sex, business income and expenses, country of birth, capital expenditure, class grades, eye colour and vehicle type** are examples of variables.

**What is a variable in a question? ›**

Question: What's a variable? Answer: A variable is **an object, event, idea, feeling, time period, or any other type of category you are trying to measure**. There are two types of variables-independent and dependent.

**How do you identify variables? ›**

An easy way to think of independent and dependent variables is, when you're conducting an experiment, **the independent variable is what you change, and the dependent variable is what changes because of that**. You can also think of the independent variable as the cause and the dependent variable as the effect.

**What are the types of variable answer? ›**

Variables may be classified into two main categories: **categorical and numeric**. Each category is then classified in two subcategories: nominal or ordinal for categorical variables, discrete or continuous for numeric variables.

**What is a variable in math? ›**

Variables in math are **symbols, often letters, that represent different values in various situations**. They help us understand and solve problems with changing values.

**What are the 5 different variables? ›**

There are different types of variables and having their influence differently in a study viz. Independent & dependent variables, Active and attribute variables, Continuous, discrete and categorical variable, Extraneous variables and Demographic variables.

### What are the two main types of variables? ›

Experiments require two main types of variables, namely the independent variable and the dependent variable. The independent variable is the variable that is manipulated and is assumed to have a direct effect on the dependent variable, the variable being measured and tested. Experiments even have controlled variables.

**What are different types of variables? ›**

**10 types of variables**

- Independent variables.
- Dependent variables.
- Quantitative variables.
- Qualitative variables.
- Intervening variables.
- Moderating variables.
- Extraneous variables.
- Confounding variables.

**What are measurable variables? ›**

The measurable variable, as the name suggests, is **the variable that is measured in an experiment**. It is the dependent variable (DV), which depends on changes to the independent variable (IV). Any experiment studies the effects on the DV resulting from changes to the IV.

**How do you explain variables in research? ›**

**Variables are names that are given to the variance we wish to explain**. A variable is either a result of some force or is itself the force that causes a change in another variable. In experiments, these are called dependent and independent variables respectively.

**What does a variable look like? ›**

A variable is a placeholder for an unknown quantity. Usually, variables are **denoted by English or Greek letters or symbols such as x or θ**. Examples: In the equation 10=2x, x is the variable.

**How do you create a variable? ›**

**To create a variable, you give it a type, a name, and a value.**

- The type tells Processing what kind of value the variable will hold.
- The name is how you'll use the variable later in the code, like you've used width and height .
- The value is what the variable points to.

**What are the main variables in a research question? ›**

The two main variables within a study are the **independent variable, which is the variable that is manipulated by the experimenter, and the dependent variable**, which is the variable that indirectly changes due to the manipulation in the independent variable.

**How do you write a research question with variables? ›**

**Each of these steps is discussed in turn:**

- Choose your starting phrase.
- Identify and name the dependent variable.
- Identify the group(s) you are interested in.
- Decide whether the dependent variable or group(s) should be included first, last or in two parts.
- Include any words that provide greater context to your question.

**What are variables in simple terms? ›**

In simple words, a variable is **a quantity that can be changed and is not fixed**. Variables are essential as they form a major algebra component. We usually use “x” and “y” to express an unknown integer.

**How do you identify a variable in a topic? ›**

The best way to identify dependent and independent variables in research is by **putting the variables in the sentence “The Independent variable causes a change in Dependent variable.”**

### What are the key variables? ›

A key variable is typically an indirect identifier that could be used to re-identify individuals within a dataset or to link records between different datasets. Common examples of key variables are **age, marital status, geographical variables, gender, and religion**.

**What are the 8 variable types? ›**

The 8 Primitive Variable Types

**byte , short , int , long , float , double , char , boolean** .

**Is a variable a number? ›**

In mathematics, a variable (from Latin variabilis, "changeable") is a symbol that represents a mathematical object. A variable may represent a number, a vector, a matrix, a function, the argument of a function, a set, or an element of a set.

**What is not a variable? ›**

**Constant** :he value which is fixed is known as constant .

**What is variable value? ›**

The value of the variable, which is **the value the variable name represents**, might be categorized as follows: A constant, which is a number that is expressed as: An integer (12) A decimal (12.5)

**What is a $variable? ›**

What is a variable? In programming, a variable is **a value that can change, depending on conditions or on information passed to the program**.

**What is an a variable in math? ›**

A variable in Mathematics is defined as **the alphabetic character that expresses a numerical value or a number**. In algebraic equations, a variable is used to represent an unknown quantity. These variables can be any alphabets from a to z. Most commonly, 'a','b','c', 'x','y' and 'z' are used as variables in equations.

**What is a variable simple explanation? ›**

In simple words, a variable is **a quantity that can be changed and is not fixed**. Variables are essential as they form a major algebra component. We usually use “x” and “y” to express an unknown integer.

**What is the variable in math? ›**

variable, In algebra, **a symbol (usually a letter) standing in for an unknown numerical value in an equation**. Commonly used variables include x and y (real-number unknowns), z (complex-number unknowns), t (time), r (radius), and s (arc length).

**What does a variable look like in math? ›**

It is **usually a letter like x or y**. Example: in x + 2 = 6, x is the variable.

### What is a variable in 7th grade? ›

A variable is **a letter that represents an unknown number**. An expression is a group of numbers, symbols, and variables that represents another number.

**How to use variables? ›**

A variable is a way to store values. To use a variable, **we must both declare it—to let the program know about the variable—and then assign it—to let the program know what value we are storing in the variable**.

**What is the best way to explain a variable? ›**

A variable is **something that varies, changes, or can be changed**. For example, people's names are something that varies. The weather changes every day. The scoreboard in a football match can be changed to reflect the score.

**What are the different types of variables in math? ›**

There are two types of variables in math: **dependent and independent variables**.

**What are 10 examples of variables in math? ›**

Some examples of variables in Math are **a,b,x,y,z,m, a , b , x , y , z , m** , etc. A symbol that has a fixed numerical value is called a constant.

**What is the variable of a number? ›**

**A letter or symbol that represents any member of a collection of two or more numbers** is called a variable. A letter or symbol that represents one specific number, known or unknown, is called a constant.